What is CBG? Effects, benefits, and uses of Cannabigerol

Nov 13, 2023

As we journey through the vast universe of cannabis and its components, you may have come across a mysterious yet fascinating substance known as Cannabigerol. This molecule, often overshadowed by its more famous “cousins” like CBD or THC, is making waves in the natural health and wellness circles. But what exactly are Cannabigerol effects? What are its benefits, and what could its potential uses be? Let’s zoom in together on this lesser-known cannabinoid.

What is CBG or Cannabigerol?

CBG oil based on cannabis plant extract
CBG oil based on cannabis plant extract

The world of cannabinoids is vast and complex, extending far beyond THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Such diversity brings important nuances to understanding their respective effects on our health. Cannabigerol (CBG) is one of these underestimated cannabinoids that are starting to catch the attention of many researchers, including all our experts at our CBD shop.

The origin of CBG and different extraction methods

The cannabis plant actively produces a substance known as cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), often hailed as the ‘mother molecule of all cannabinoids.’ It directly leads to the creation of three main cannabinoid lines: THCA, CBDA, and CBCA. These transform into THC, CBD, and CBC, respectively, after decarboxylation. Cannabigerol, or CBG, appears in small amounts in mature hemp plants. This scarcity results from CBGA predominantly converting into other cannabinoids during the plant’s maturation. Various techniques can extract CBG, with supercritical CO2 extraction standing out as one of the most effective and safe methods.

CBG buds in a glass, the glass is on the table in the laboratory
CBG buds in a glass, the glass is on the table in the laboratory

What are the differences between CBG and other Cannabinoids ?

Differences between CBD and CBG


Although they belong to the same family, each cannabinoid has its biochemical individuality. The highly psychoactive effects of THC are widely known. On the other hand, we have our dear CBD (cannabidiol), non-psychoactive and widely recognized for its role in improving symptoms of anxiety, sleep disorders, and chronic pain, for example. So, where does Cannabigerol fit into this spectrum? CBG and CBD are non-psychoactive, meaning they won’t make you “high.” As a cannabinoid, it interacts with our endocannabinoid system but distinctly compared to its cousins like CBD. In addition, several studies have noted its attractive therapeutic potential.

Differences between CBG and CBN


Within the range of cannabinoids, the differences between CBG (cannabigerol) and CBN (cannabinol) are significant and influence their application in daily well-being. Cannabigerol is known for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, playing a prominent role as a biochemical precursor to other cannabinoids (a “mother” molecule). In comparison, CBN stands out for its formation from the degradation of THC, where it develops sedative properties, often sought after to improve sleep quality.

The potential benefits of Cannabigerol on your well-being and health

One of the most common questions is, “What is CBG, and how can it contribute to better health?” There are several ways in which Cannabigerol could beneficially impact our bodies.

Scientific research on the molecule “Cannbigerol”

Are you curious about what science reveals about cannabigerol? You’re in good company. Recently, researchers have actively pursued studies on this compound, delving into its effects on the human body. Although not as prevalent in cannabis plants as THC or CBD, CBG is gaining recognition for its potential therapeutic properties. It actively interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our endocannabinoid system, potentially influencing the nervous, immune, and central nervous systems. This burgeoning research interest underscores the many potential benefits of Cannabigerol, driving the need for more studies to fully unlock its possibilities.

Cannabigerol is showing anti-inflammatory properties

CBG, though less known than its cousins CBD and THC, demonstrates promising potential as an anti-inflammatory agent. Researchers at the University of Naples in Italy have discovered that Cannabigerol effectively reduces inflammation in conditions like Crohn’s disease and other inflammatory bowel disorders. This discovery paves the way for further exploration of CBG as a novel treatment option.

Medication against inflammation, an effect that could be offered by Cannabigerol as well
Medication against inflammation, an effect that could be offered by Cannabigerol as well

CBG could help with pain relief

A man with pain and exhausted looks, which could benefit from the effects of cannabigerol
A man with pain and exhausted looks, which could benefit from the effects of Cannabigerol

The potential role of Cannabigerol in pain control is also an exciting area that deserves our attention. Preliminary research suggests a considerable analgesic power of CBG by acting on CB1 and CB2 receptors. However, further studies are needed to confirm these results.

Cannabigerol could act as a neuroprotectant

Another beneficial aspect of cannabigerol is its neuroprotective action. A Spanish scientific study published in 2015 indicated that this substance could even help protect our neurons in people with Huntington’s disease. However, it’s essential to remember that no certainty can be advanced without additional evidence.

CBG could be used to regulate appetite

CBG to regulate appetite
CBG to regulate appetite

You’re probably wondering if there are other syndromes where the role of CBG could prove beneficial. Indeed, it seems that the ability of compounds in this cannabinoid to stimulate appetite, thanks to its action on cannabinoid receptors, is another promising research direction. An experiment conducted in 2016 revealed that rats receiving CBG exhibited a greater appetite and consumed more food.

Cannabigerol to support the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)

To conclude this presentation on a positive note, we will discuss a final study that highlights the potential benefits of CBG in the effective management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). However, it is crucial to mention that all this information should be interpreted cautiously. This emphasizes the urgent need for public awareness to consider these results as provisional, pending confirmation by further research and scientific studies.

Potential side effects of Cannabigerol

Cannabigerol, like any other cannabinoid, can have side effects. Although it is generally well-tolerated and considered safe, it is necessary to note that everyone reacts differently to substances, including CBG.

Firstly, it is essential to mention that research on CBG and its side effects is still in its early stages. Nevertheless, user experiences and scientific reports give us potential undesirable consequences.

Somnolence associated with Cannabigerol

A commonly reported side effect by CBG users is a slight feeling of drowsiness. This reaction, although usually minor, is not uncommon in those who are new to the use of cannabigerol or have opted for a high dose too quickly. Initiating any treatment gradually is advisable, allowing the body to adapt without inconvenience. Indeed, a gradual increase in dosages can help minimize the risk of unwanted drowsiness. Additionally, users should avoid driving or engaging in activities requiring full vigilance after taking CBG until they fully understand how they react to this cannabinoid.

A woman lying sleepily on the bed due to side effects of cannabigerol
A woman lying sleepily on the bed due to side effects of cannabigerol

Digestive issues

Some users report digestive problems, such as dizziness or mild gastrointestinal irritation, after consuming CBG-based products. Interestingly, these symptoms are often more closely associated with the method of administration than with the active molecule itself. For example, ingesting Cannabigerol in oils or edibles may interact differently with the digestive system than other administration forms. At uWeed, we suggest closely monitoring how your body reacts to different methods of taking CBG and choosing the one that best suits your physiology. Consulting with a healthcare professional can also guide toward a use that respects individual digestive sensitivity and contributes to an overall positive experience.

Interactions with other medications and CBG contraindications

Another concern could be the possible interaction of CBG with other medications, especially for those taking multiple medications simultaneously. This underscores why it is essential to consult a healthcare professional before significantly using CBG. A professional can assess potential drug interactions, adjust dosages if necessary, and monitor any adverse reactions, ensuring the safe integration of CBG into your health protocol. uWeed’s commitment to the health and safety of our customers encourages an informed and measured approach to using cannabinoids.

A hand with a pill, a potential contra-indication to Cannabigerol
a pill, a potential contra-indication to Cannabigerol

How to best avoid CBG side effects?

Finally, we want to emphasize that each individual reacts differently to cannabinoids. While some people may experience no apparent side effects, others may encounter discomfort. Therefore, listening to your body remains the best precaution.

To minimize the risk of side effects, a wise approach would be to always start with small doses and gradually increase them until the desired effect is achieved. Furthermore, choosing a well-formulated product from a reliable source will not only optimize the benefits of CBG but also limit potential side effects.

Regulations on CBG-containing products in Switzerland

In Switzerland, the legislation regarding cannabinoids is relatively liberal compared to many other countries. This favorable legal environment has encouraged rapid growth in the market for cannabidiol products.

Regarding the question of whether CBG is legal or not, it is essential to note that cannabigerol, like CBD, has not been classified as a controlled substance. Similarly, no confusing psychoactive effects have been associated with this compound. The Swiss legislative framework allows hemp cultivators to grow crops containing up to 1% THC.

This means that, in general, the use of CBG-containing products is perfectly legal in Switzerland as long as the total THC content remains below this limit.

How to consume CBG safely and effectively

It’s a fact we live in an era where cannabigerol, derived from the cannabis plant and well-known for its countless potential health benefits, much like CBD, is gaining popularity. But how can you use this potent cannabinoid safely and effectively and fully enjoy all the effects of CBG? Let us guide you.

Different methods of administration (sublingual, inhalation, topical, etc.)

The first point to consider is the method of administration. Several options are available to you:

1. Sublingual: This technique involves placing a few drops of CBG oil under the tongue. Wait a minute or two before swallowing. This allows for direct absorption through the oral mucosa.

2. Inhalation: You can use vaporizers containing CBG readily available on the market for this method. It has the advantage of rapid absorption through lung capillaries.

3. Topical: Various products, such as CBG creams or lotions, can be applied directly to the skin for localized effects.

Each method has its importance depending on your specific needs and personal comfort.

CBG Oil capsules
CBG oil capsules

Dosage is another crucial aspect to consider when using CBG. Due to the ongoing evolution of scientific research on this complex subject, there are no uniform guidelines for precise CBG dosing yet. However, it is essential to note that the dosage may vary depending on weight, age, and the type of symptom to be treated.

The general rule is to start with a minimal dose and observe the effects on your body. If this amount is insufficient to achieve the desired results, gradually increase the dose until the desired effect is achieved.

Finally, keep in mind that excessive use of CBG can cause some side effects, such as dry mouth or mild drowsiness.

How to choose a quality CBG-containing product

Choosing a CBG-containing product requires some caution. It is essential to consider several factors to ensure the quality and effectiveness of the product.

Different forms of CBG products available on the market (oil, capsules, creams, etc.)

To start, you should know that CBG comes in various forms: oils, capsules, topical creams, and even flowers to smoke or vaporize.

CBG oils

CBG oil is undoubtedly the most popular. You can take it sublingually for rapid absorption. Sublingual administration allows the oil to pass directly into the bloodstream through the capillaries under the tongue, offering quick absorption and immediate action.

But why this sublingual method? It’s simple: it bypasses the first-pass metabolism by the liver, a process that can reduce the concentration of cannabinoids before they reach the target sites in the body.

CBG flowers or smoking CBG

Non-psychoactive CBG flowers offer a unique consumption experience due to their specific chemical profile. Rich in aromas, they release a spectrum of scents ranging from earthy notes to citrus bursts, making their consumption a notable sensory experience.

CBG stands out from THC with its soothing properties and ability to enhance mental clarity, appealing to those seeking cannabis benefits without psychoactive effects. This quality has propelled CBG flowers to the forefront of scientific research and personal wellness applications, making them a subject of growing excitement.

CBG resins

CBG resin, or CBG hash, adds a unique dimension to the cannabis concentrates world. Producers create this form by isolating trichomes, the tiny crystals covering cannabis flowers, rich in cannabinoids and terpenes. This precise manufacturing process retains the full spectrum of the CBG cannabinoid profile, resulting in a potent yet refined product. Similarly, producers harvest CBG pollen, often a term used for CBG concentrates, offering a comparable experience. The name ‘pollen’ reflects its fine texture and purity, renowned for its smoothness and rich aroma. These concentrated CBG products stand out for their purity and high cannabinoid content, presenting an attractive option for those seeking a more pronounced CBG experience.

Other Cannabigerol-based products

CBG gummy bears, or CBG gummies
CBG gummy bears, or CBG gummies

CBG capsules are ideal for those seeking a discreet and easy-to-dose option, offering daily simplicity without the taste of cannabis. CBG creams cater to the need for targeted relief, applied directly to the skin. Finally, CBG gummies transform the intake of this cannabinoid into a pleasant moment, providing a tasty and effortless alternative to incorporating CBG into your well-being routine.

Factors to consider when buying CBG products

When navigating the ocean of CBG products, there are some guiding lights to follow to ensure you reach the shores of effectiveness and quality. The choice of your CBG product should not be left to chance. Here are the beacons to keep in mind to guide you on this adventure:

1. Review third-party testing: The first important point is to check if an independent laboratory has tested the product. This will ensure its precise dosage and purity.

2. Source of plants: The plant source matters greatly as it affects the final product’s quality. Make sure they come from organic cultivation, free of pesticides.

3. Extraction methods: Some extraction processes may compromise the integrity of cannabinoids, making the product less effective. Always prefer products extracted by supercritical CO2 extraction.

4. Check THC content: CBG is non-psychoactive, so THC levels in the product must be negligible (less than 0.2%).